The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is part of the Constitution Act, 1982. It lists a number of legal rights that every individual in Canada has that pertain to the justice system and law enforcement.
"Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of the person and the right not to be deprived thereof except in accordance with the principles of fundamental justice."
"Everyone has the right to be secure against unreasonable search or seizure."
"Everyone has the right not to be arbitrarily detained or imprisoned."
"Everyone has the right on arrest or detention
a) to be informed promptly of the reasons therefor;
b) to retain and instruct counsel without delay and to be informed of that rights; and
c) to have the validity of the detention determined by way of habeas corpus and to be released if the detention is not lawful."
"Any person charged with an offence has the right
a) to be informed without unreasonable delay of the specific offence;
b) to be tried within a reasonable amount of time;
c) not to be compelled to be a witness in proceedings against that person in respect of the offence;
d) to be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law in a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal;
e) not to be denied reasonable bail without just cause;
f) ... to the benefit of trial by jury where the maximum punishment for the offence is imprisonment for five years or a more severe punishment;
g) Omitted - Relates to international law
h) if finally acquitted of the offence, not to be tried for it again, and if finally found guilty and punished for the offence, not to be tried or punished for it again;
i) if found guilty of the offence and if the punishment for the offence has been varied between the time of commission and the time of sentencing, to the benefit of the lesser punishment."
"Everyone has the right not to be subjected to any cruel and unusual treatment or punishment."
"A witness who testifies in any proceedings has the right not to have any incriminating evidence so given used to incriminate that witness in any other proceedings, except in a prosecution for perjury or for the giving of contradictory evidence."
"A party or witness in any proceeding who does not understand or speak the language in which the proceedings are conducted or who is deaf has the right to the assistance of an interpreter."
If you think your Charter rights have been breached, please contact me here.